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Saltation transport on a silt loam soil in northeast Spain

AuthorsSterk, G.; López Sánchez, María Victoria ; Arrúe Ugarte, José Luis
Keywordswind erosion
saltation transport
soil surface characteristics
soil tillage
Issue DateJan-2000
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationLand Degradation & Development 10 (6): 545-554 (2000)
AbstractThe Ebro River valley in Northeast Spain experiences regularly strong west-northwest winds that are locally known as cierzo. When the cierzo blows, wind erosion may potentially occur on unprotected agricultural lands. In this paper the first results of field measurements of soil characteristics and saltation transport in the Ebro River valley near Zaragoza are presented. An experiment was conducted on a silt loam soil in the summers of 1996 and 1997. Two plots of 135×180 m were both equipped with a meteorology tower, three saltiphones (acoustic sediment sensors) and ten sediment catchers. The plots were different with respect to tillage practices. One plot received mouldboard ploughing followed by a pass of a compacting roller (conventional tillage—CT), whereas the other plot only received chisel ploughing (reduced tillage—RT). Soil characterizations indicated that soil erodibility was significantly higher in the CT plots than in the RT plots. Consequently, no significant saltation transport was observed in the RT plots during both seasons. In the CT plot, four saltation events were recorded during the 1996 season and nine events during the 1997 season. Most events were preceded by rainfall during the previous one or two days, which reduced saltation transport significantly. It is concluded that the occurrence of wind erosion in the Ebro River valley depends on the timing and type of tillage, distribution of rainfall and soil-surface crusting.
Description16 Pags., 4 Tabls., 4 Figs. The definitive version is available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1099-145X
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199911/12)10:6<545::AID-LDR354>3.0.CO;2-S
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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