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Long-term biomonitoring of soil contamination using poplar trees: accumulation of trace elements in leaves and fruits

AuthorsMadejón, Paula ; Ciadamidaro, L. ; Marañón, Teodoro ; Marañón, Teodoro ; Murillo Carpio, José Manuel
Trace elements
Populus alba
Issue Date2013
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationInternational Journal of Phytoremediation 15(6): 602-614 (2013)
AbstractPhytostabilization aims to immobilize soil contaminants using higher plants. The accumulation of trace elements in Populus alba leaves was monitored for 12 years after a mine spill. Concentrations of As and Pb significantly decreased, while concentrations of Cd and Zn did not significantly over time. Soil concentrations extracted by CaCl2 were measured by ICP-OES and results of As and Pb were below the detection limit. Long-term biomonitoring of soil contamination using poplar leaves was proven to be better suited for the study of trace elements. Plants suitable for phytostabilization must also be able to survive and reproduce in contaminated soils. Concentrations of trace elements were also measured in P. alba fruiting catkins to determine the effect on its reproduction potential. Cadmium and Zn were found to accumulate in fruiting catkins, with the transfer coefficient for Cd significantly greater than Zn. It is possible for trace elements to translocate to seed, which presents a concern for seed germination, establishment and colonization. We conclude that white poplar is a suitable tree for long-term monitoring of soil contaminated with Cd and Zn, and for phytostabilization in riparian habitats, although some caution should be taken with the possible effects on the food web.Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of International Journal of Phytoremediation to view the supplemental file.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2012.723062
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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