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The effect of strobilurins on leaf gas exchange, water use efficiency and ABA content in grapevine under field conditions

AuthorsDíaz-Espejo, Antonio ; Cuevas Sánchez, Mª Victoria ; Ribas-Carbó, Miquel; Flexas, Jaume; Martorell, Sebastià; Fernández Luque, José Enrique
Issue Date2012
CitationJournal of Plant Physiology 169(4): 379-386 (2012)
AbstractStrobilurins are one of the most important classes of agricultural fungicides. In addition to their anti-fungal effect, strobilurins have been reported to produce simultaneous effects in plant physiology. This study investigated whether the use of strobilurin fungicide improved water use efficiency in leaves of grapevines grown under field conditions in a Mediterranean climate in southern Spain. Fungicide was applied three times in the vineyard and measurements of leaf gas exchange, plant water status, abscisic acid concentration in sap ([ABA]), and carbon isotope composition in leaves were performed before and after applications. No clear effect on stomatal conductance, leaf water potential and intrinsic water use efficiency was found after three fungicide applications. ABA concentration was observed to increase after fungicide application on the first day, vanishing three days later. Despite this transient effect, evolution of [ABA] matched well with the evolution of leaf carbon isotope ratio, which can be used as a surrogate for plant water use efficiency. Morning stomatal conductance was negatively correlated to [ABA]. Yield was enhanced in strobilurin treated plants, whereas fruit quality remained unaltered.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2011.11.014
issn: 0176-1617
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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