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Influence of partial soil wetting on water relation parameters of the olive tree

AuthorsFernández Luque, José Enrique ; Martín Palomo, Mª José; Díaz-Espejo, Antonio ; Girón Moreno, Ignacio F.
Issue Date2003
CitationAgronomie 23: 545-552 (2003)
AbstractA drip versus pond irrigation experiment was carried out with 30-year-old 'Manzanilla' olive trees planted at 7 m x 5 m in an orchard in Southwest Spain. At the end of the dry season of 1998, we chose two dry-land trees, D1 and D2, and two drip-irrigated trees, I1 and I2. During the experiments, the D1 and I1 trees were pond-irrigated, increasing the soil water content to around field capacity in the whole rootzone. The D2 and I2 trees were drip-irrigated, remaining part of the rootzone in drying soil. The results showed that the ratio between the transpiration of the pond-irrigated D1 tree and that of the drip-irrigated D2 tree (D1/D2 Ep) increased from an average of 0.88 before irrigation to 1.22 fourteen days after the first water supply. For the I trees, I1/I2 Ep varied from 0.76 to 1.02 nine days after the I1 tree was pond-irrigated for the first time. Transpiration, therefore, was restricted when using a drip irrigation system which, despite supplying enough water to cover the calculated crop demand, affected a part of the rootzone only. During the drip versus pond irrigation experiment, the recovery of leaf water potential, stomatal conductance and photosynthesis rate was greater and quicker in the pond-irrigated than in the drip-irrigated trees.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1051/agro:2003031
issn: 0249-5627
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