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Emergent dynamics of fast ripples in the epileptic hippocampus

AuthorsIbarz, J. M.; Foffani, Guglielmo; Cid Ledesma, Elena ; Inostroza, M.; Menéndez de la Prida, Liset
Issue Date2010
PublisherSociety for Neuroscience
CitationJournal of Neuroscience 30: 16249-16261 (2010)
AbstractFast ripples are a type of transient high-frequency oscillations recorded from the epileptogenic regions of the hippocampus and the temporal cortex of epileptic humans and rodents. These events presumably reflect hypersynchronous bursting of pyramidal cells. However, the oscillatory spectral content of fast ripples varies from 250 to 800 Hz, well above the maximal firing frequency of most hippocampal pyramidal neurons. How such high-frequency oscillations are generated is therefore unclear. Here, we combine computational simulations of fast ripples with multisite and juxtacellular recordings in vivo to examine the underlying mechanisms in the hippocampus of epileptic rats. We show that populations of bursting cells firing individually at 100-400 Hz can create fast ripples according to two main firing regimes: (1) in-phase synchronous firing resulting in >pure> fast ripples characterized by single spectral peaks that reflect single-cell behavior and (2) out-of-phase firing that results in >emergent> fast ripples. Using simulations, we found that fast ripples generated under these two different regimes can be quantitatively separated by their spectral characteristics, and we took advantage of this separability to examine their dynamics in vivo.We found that in-phase firing can reach frequencies up to 300 Hz in the CA1and up to 400Hzin the dentate gyrus. The organization of out-of-phase firing is determined by firing delays between cells discharging at low frequencies. The two firing regimes compete dynamically, alternating randomly from one fast ripple event to the next, and they reflect the functional dynamic organization of the different regions of the hippocampus. Copyright © 2010 the authors.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3357-10.2010
issn: 0270-6474
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