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Contribution of estrogen receptors alpha and beta to the effects of estradiol in the brain

AuthorsMorissette, M.; Le Saux, M.; D'Astous, M.; Jourdain, S.; Al Sweidi, S.; Morin, N.; Estrada-Camarena, E.; Méndez, Pablo; García-Segura, Luis M. ; Di Paolo, T.
Issue Date2008
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 108: 327- 338 (2008)
AbstractClinical and experimental studies show a modulatory role of estrogens in the brain and suggest their beneficial action in mental and neurodegenerative diseases. The estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ are present in the brain and their targeting could bring selectivity and reduced risk of cancer. Implication of ERs in the effect of estradiol on dopamine, opiate and glutamate neurotransmission is reviewed. The ERα agonist, PPT, is shown as estradiol to modulate hippocampal NMDA receptors and AMPA receptors in cortex and striatum of ovariectomized rats whereas the ERβ agonist DPN is inactive. Striatal DPN activity suggests implication of ERβ in estradiol modulation of D2 receptors and transporters in ovariectomized rats and is supported by the lack of effect of estradiol in ERβ knockout (ERKOβ) mice. Both ERα and ERβ agonists modulate striatal preproenkephalin (PPE) gene expression in ovariectomized rats. In male mice PPT protects against MPTP toxicity to striatal dopamine; this implicates Akt/GSK3β signaling and the apoptotic regulators Bcl2 and Bad. This suggests a role for ERα in striatal dopamine neuroprotection. ERKOα mice are more susceptible to MPTP toxicity and not protected by estradiol; differences in ERKOβ mice are subtler. These results suggest therapeutic potential for the brain of ER specific agonists. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2007.09.011
issn: 0960-0760
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos
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