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Bioavailability of labile and desorption-resistant phenanthrene sorbed to montmorillonite clay containing humic fractions

AuthorsLahlou, M.; Ortega Calvo, J. J.
Issue Date1999
PublisherSETAC (Society)
CitationEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18(12): 2729-2735 (1999)
AbstractThe biodegradation of 14C-labeled phenanthrene in the presence of particles of montmorillonite and fulvic and humic acid-montmorillonite complexes was studied in a batch system. A mathematical model that takes into account the contribution to mineralization by the slowly desorbing compound was used to calculate the initial mineralization rates. Sorption of phenanthrene to the particles was determined in sorption isotherms, and desorption was measured during successive water extractions. Mineralization rates in equilibrated suspensions were higher than predicted from aqueous equilibrium concentrations, and in some cases, montmorillonite and fulvic acid-montmorillonite complexes stimulated the phenanthrene transformation rates. In contrast with the high bioavailability exhibited by phenanthrene sorbed as a labile form, biodegradation of the desorption-resistant phenanthrene occurred slowly and followed zero-order kinetics, which indicated a limitation caused by slow desorption. The results suggest that the mechanism of sorption may cause a differential bioavailability of the sorbed compound.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/etc.5620181212
issn: 0730-7268
e-issn: 1552-8618
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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