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Cytonuclear disequilibria in wild populations of rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus L.) suggest unequal allele turnover rates at the b locus (IGKC1)

AuthorsVan Der Loo, W.; Mougel, F.; Sánchez, María S.; Bouton, C.; Castién, Enrique; Fonseca, A.; Ferrand, Nuno; Soriguer, Ramón C. ; Monnerot, M.
Issue Date1999
CitationImmunogenetics 49: 629- 643 (1999)
AbstractDNA sequence comparisons suggest that evolutionary rates at the rabbit IGKC1 locus can differ among allelic lineages. Here we address the question of whether population turnover rates can vary among IGKC1 alleles. We studied the distribution of sixteen IGKC1 (or b-locus) allotypes in areas comprising the aboriginal species range (Iberian peninsula). Rabbits in this area belong to one of two distantly related mitochondrial lineages (mtDNA types) A and B. In the more recent distribution area of the species, all rabbits belong to the mtDNA type B lineage, and IGKC1 alleles b4 and b5 comprise over 90% of the gene pool. These two alleles are also predominant in areas of mtDNA type B prevalence within the Iberian range. However, in areas of mtDNA type A prevalence, the b4 and b5 allotypes are rare or absent; they apparently have been replaced by serologically related, but distinct, 'endemic' variants. The cytonuclear disequilibria were highly significant, also within the subsample con sisting of populations from Spain. These observations suggest that allelic persistence times for the predominant IGKC1 lineages could be shorter than the divergence time of the major mtDNA lineages A and B. In contrast, the relative gene frequencies of the ICKC1 allele b9 were similar among the type A and type B rabbits; it was present in most populations at low frequency In consequence, persistence times of the b9 allele appear to be longer than the divergence time of lineages A and B. The data reported here are in agreement with the DNA sequence data, providing further proof that the molecular clock can run at different rates among allelic lineages at the rabbit IGKC1 locus.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s002510050659
issn: 0093-7711
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Artículos
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