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Two Fe-superoxide dismutase families respond differently to stress and senescence in legumes

AuthorsAsensio, Aaron C.; Gil-Monreal, Miriam; Pires, Laura; Gogorcena Aoiz, Yolanda CSIC ORCID ; Aparicio-Tejo, Pedro María CSIC; Morán, José F. CSIC ORCID
KeywordsAbiotic stress
Ascorbate peroxidase
Iron superoxide dismutase
Reactive oxygen species
Issue DateSep-2012
CitationJournal of Plant Physiology 169(13): 1253-1260 (2012)
AbstractThree main families of SODs in plants may be distinguished according to the metal in the active center: CuZnSODs, MnSOD, and FeSOD. CuZnSODs have two sub-families localized either in plant cell cytosol or in plastids, the MnSOD family is essentially restricted to mitochondria, and the FeSOD enzyme family has been typically localized into the plastid. Here, we describe, based on a phylogenetic tree and experimental data, the existence of two FeSOD sub-families: a plastidial localized sub-family that is universal to plants, and a cytosolic localized FeSOD sub-family observed in determinate-forming nodule legumes. Anti-cytosolic FeSOD (cyt_FeSOD) antibodies were employed, together with a novel antibody raised against plastidial FeSOD (p_FeSOD). Stress conditions, such as nitrate excess or drought, markedly increased cyt_FeSOD contents in soybean tissues. Also, cyt_FeSOD content and activity increased with age in both soybean and cowpea plants, while the cyt_CuZnSOD isozyme was predominant during early stages. p_FeSOD in leaves decreased with most of the stresses applied, but this isozyme markedly increased with abscisic acid in roots. The great differences observed for p_FeSOD and cyt_FeSOD contents in response to stress and aging in plant tissues reveal distinct functionality and confirm the existence of two immunologically differentiated FeSOD sub-families. The in-gel FeSOD activity patterns showed a good correlation to cyt_FeSOD contents but not to those of p_FeSOD. This indicates that cyt_FeSOD is the main active FeSOD in soybean and cowpea tissues. The diversity of functions associated with the complexity of FeSOD isoenzymes depending of the location is discussed.
Description8 Pags., 9 Figs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2012.04.019
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