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Association between acetylcholinesterase and β-amyloid peptide in Alzheimer's cerebrospinal fluid

AuthorsGarcía Ayllón, María Salud; Silveyra, María Ximena; Sáez-Valero, Javier
Issue Date2008
CitationChemico-Biological Interactions 175(1-3): 209-215 (2008)
AbstractThe altered expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) has raised much interest of late. Despite an overall decrease in the AD brain, the activity of AChE increases around β-amyloid plaques and indeed, the β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) can influence AChE levels. Such evidence stimulated our interest in the possibility that the levels of AChE and amyloid might vary together in AD. We previously found that the different AChE forms present in both the brain and in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of AD patients varied in conjunction with abnormal glycosylation. Thus, the alterations in glycosylation are correlated with the accumulation of a minor subspecies of AChE monomers. We also recently analysed whether long-term exposure to the cholinesterase inhibitor (ChE-I) donepezil influences the AChE species found in AD CSF. The marked increase in CSF-AChE activity in AD patients following long-term treatment with donepezil was not paralleled by a rise in this subset of light variants. Hence, the correlation with the levels of CSF-Aβ is unique to these AChE species in patients receiving such treatment. The aim of this report is to review the links between AChE and β-amyloid, and to discuss the significance of the responses of the distinct AChE species to ChE-I during the treatment of AD. © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2008.04.047
issn: 0009-2797
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