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Protection of the photosynthetic apparatus from extreme dehydration and oxidative stress in seedlings of transgenic tobacco

AuthorsAlmoguera, Concepción ; Prieto-Dapena, P. ; Personat, José María ; Tejedor-Cano, Javier ; Lindahl, Marika ; Díaz-Espejo, Antonio ; Jordano, Juan
Issue DateDec-2012
CitationPLoS ONE 7(12): e-51443 (2012)
AbstractA genetic program that in sunflower seeds is activated by Heat Shock transcription Factor A9 (HaHSFA9) has been analyzed in transgenic tobacco seedlings. The ectopic overexpression of the HSFA9 program protected photosynthetic membranes, which resisted extreme dehydration and oxidative stress conditions. In contrast, heat acclimation of seedlings induced thermotolerance but not resistance to the harsh stress conditions employed. The HSFA9 program was found to include the expression of plastidial small Heat Shock Proteins that accumulate only at lower abundance in heat-stressed vegetative organs. Photosystem II (PSII) maximum quantum yield was higher for transgenic seedlings than for non-transgenic seedlings, after either stress treatment. Furthermore, protection of both PSII and Photosystem I (PSI) membrane protein complexes was observed in the transgenic seedlings, leading to their survival after the stress treatments. It was also shown that the plastidial D1 protein, a labile component of the PSII reaction center, and the PSI core protein PsaB were shielded from oxidative damage and degradation. We infer that natural expression of the HSFA9 program during embryogenesis may protect seed pro-plastids from developmental desiccation.
Description10 páginas, 7 figuras, 30 referencias.-- cmartin@irnase.csic.es
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051443
Appears in Collections:(IBVF) Artículos
(IRNAS) Artículos
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