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Genetic variants of the MBL2 gene are associated with mortality in pneumococcal sepsis

AuthorsGarnacho-Montero, José; Garcia-Cabrera, Emilio; Aznar Martín, Javier ; Garnacho-Montero, Carmen
Issue Date2012
CitationDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 73(1): 39-44 (2012)
AbstractStudies evaluating associations between polymorphisms of innate immunity genes and prognosis of infectious diseases have yielded conflicting results. Our aim was to assess the impact on mortality of different genotypic variants of the innate immunity in patients with pneumococcal sepsis. All adults admitted to the hospital with diagnosis of sepsis caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae were enrolled and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in mannose-binding lectin 2 (. MBL2), toll-like receptor (. TLR) 2, . TLR4, and . Fcγ receptor IIa genes were genotyped. Underlying diseases, severity of illness, and antibiotic management were also recorded. We included 117 patients: 98 pneumonias (83.6%), 17 meningitis (14.5%), and 2 patients (1.9%) with primary pneumococcal bacteremia. Allelic variants of the . MBL2 gene (individuals heterozygous or homozygous for one of the 3 allelic variants B, C, and D: AO/OO) were present in 37 patients (32%), T399I polymorphism in TLR4 in 19 (16.2%), TLR4 D299G/T399I in 11 (9.4%), TLR2 R753Q in 3 (2.5%), and FcγRIIa-R/R131 in 26 patients (23%). Factors associated independently with in-hospital mortality were SNP . MBL2 AO/OO (adjusted hazard ratios [aHR] 3.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-9.8) and septic shock (aHR 15.3, 95% CI 3.5-36.5), whereas first adequate antibiotic dose ≤4 h was a protective factor (aHR 0.2, 95% CI 0.06-0.8). SNP . MBL2 AO/OO (aHR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1-8.1) remained as a variable independently associated with 90-day mortality. In conclusion, variant alleles in the . MBL2 gene are independently associated with in-hospital and medium-term mortalities in patients admitted to the hospital with pneumococcal sepsis. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.02.002
issn: 0732-8893
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