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Title

Ethyl cellulose polymer microspheres for controlled release of norfluazon

AuthorsPérez-Martínez, José Ignacio; Morillo González, Esmeralda ; Maqueda Porras, Celia ; Ginés, J.M.
Issue Date2001
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPest Management Science 57(8): 688-694 (2001)
AbstractThe pesticide norfluazon has been microencapsulated using ethyl cellulose to develop controlled-release formulations that decrease its mobility through the soil and protect it from photodegradation. Ethyl cellulose microspheres loaded with norfluazon were prepared by the solvent-evaporation method. To obtain the microspheres, certain conditions (pesticide/polymer ratio, percentage of emulsifying agent and solvent) were varied. The shape and size of the microspheres obtained were studied by scanning electron microscopy. Other parameters, such as solids recovery, encapsulation efficiency and pesticide loading, were also studied. The release rate of norfluazon from the different microspheres was slower than that of pure norfluazon. In particular, microspheres obtained with o-xylene, which provided the largest diameter, retarded the initial release of the pesticide relative to microspheres obtained with chloroform, or to pure norfluazon. Moreover, the studies showed that the pesticide/polymer ratio controlled the release of norfluazon, which was slower when this ratio was low. Release rates conformed to a generalised kinetic equation for a diffusion-controlled release mechanism, and the time taken for 50% of the active ingredient to be released into water, t50, was calculated.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/62180
DOI10.1002/ps.339
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/ps.339
issn: 1526-498X
e-issn: 1526-4998
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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