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Cold-drawn induced microstructure in PVC-bentonite nanocomposites

AuthorsRomero Guzmán, María Eugenia ; Flores, Osvaldo; Flores, Araceli ; Romo-Uribe, Ángel; Alvarado-Tenorio, Bonifacio; Campillo, Bernardo
Issue Date2011
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPolymers for Advanced Technologies 22: 836- 846 (2011)
AbstractThe mechanical properties and cold drawn-induced micro and nanostructure of polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-bentonite nanocomposites have been investigated. Molded sheets with 5wt% concentration of bentonite and two processing additives were melt extruded and two-roll-milled processed. The flame retardant additive promoted polymer intercalation whereas a pigment dispersant promoted clay exfoliation, the polymer matrix showed isotropic orientation. The intercalated nanocomposite exhibited nanoplates oriented with their planes parallel to the molded sheet surface and the Young's modulus and yield stress were significantly enhanced relative to neat PVC. The strain at fracture (∼144%) was slightly reduced relative to the matrix (∼167%). Cold drawing induced molecular chain orientation along the tensile axis and preserved the orientation of the intercalated nanoclays. The fracture mechanism, as investigated via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed plastic fracture mechanism (similar to neat PVC). On the other hand, the exfoliated nanocomposite did not show any improvement in mechanical properties but rather a significant decay of strain at fracture (∼44%). The fractured region, as examined by SEM, exhibited microvoid morphology. Analysis of the fractured region showed PVC macromolecules oriented along the tensile axis but no preferred orientation of the nanoclays. The limited strain at fracture found for this material appears to be associated with the initially randomly oriented nanoclays being unable to orient under the tensile deformation. The nanoclays would act as stress concentrators leading to rapid material's failure due to loss of adhesion with the polymer matrix. The results suggest that exfoliated nanoclays could play a detrimental role when the nanocomposite is subjected to large deformations at temperatures well within the glassy regime. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/pat.1586
issn: 1042-7147
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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