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Daily consumption of milk enriched with fish oil, oleic acid, minerals and vitamins reduces cell adhesion molecules in healthy children

AuthorsRomeo, J. ; Wärnberg, Julia; García-Mármol, E.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, M.; Díaz, L. E. ; Gómez Martínez, Sonia ; Cueto, B.; López-Huertas, León Eduardo; Cepero, Mar; Boza, J. J.; Fonollá, J.; Marcos, Ascensión
Issue Date2011
CitationNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 21: 113- 120 (2011)
AbstractBackground and aims: Several studies have suggested that polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals have beneficial effects on lipid profile and systemic inflammation in adults. Methods and results: We examined the effects of a daily intake of milk enriched with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, oleic acid, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and low in saturated fatty acids (SFAs) for 5 months, on several cardiovascular (CVD) risk biomarkers in healthy children aged 8-14 years. In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial, a total of 107 children of both genders were assigned to two study groups: 1) a supplemented group (SG, n=53) who consumed 0.6. L/day of an enriched dairy product, and 2) a control group (CG, n=54) who consumed 0.6. L/day of standard whole milk. Both groups consumed the dairy drinks for 5 months, in addition to their usual diet. Serum levels of adhesion molecules as indices of vascular endothelial cell activation were assessed in both groups at 0 and 5 months as well as white blood cell counts, lipid profile, serum proteins, total serum calcium, 25-OH vitamin D, glucose, insulin and adiponectin. In the enriched dairy drink supplemented group, adhesion molecules E-selectin and ICAM-1 as well as lymphocyte levels decreased while plasma docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and serum calcium concentrations increased. In the control group, serum total protein, transferrin, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin concentrations decreased. Conclusion: The consumption of a milk enriched with fish oil, oleic acid, minerals and vitamins reduced indices of endothelial cell activation in the studied group of healthy children. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2009.08.007
issn: 0939-4753
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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