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Enhanced mineralization of diuron using a cyclodextrin-based bioremediation technology

AuthorsVillaverde Capellán, J. ; Posada Baquero, Rosa ; Rubio Bellido, Marina ; Laiz Trobajo, L. ; Sáiz-Jiménez, Cesáreo ; Sánchez Trujillo, Mª Antonia ; Morillo González, Esmeralda
KeywordsCyclodextrin, diuron, 3,4-dichloroaniline, soil contamination, biodegradation, bacterial consortium
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60(40): 9941-9947 (2012)
AbstractThe phenylurea herbicide diuron [N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea] is widely used in a broad range of herbicide formulations and, consequently, it is frequently detected as a major soil and water contaminant in areas where there is extensive use. Diuron has the unfortunate combination of being strongly adsorbed by soil organic matter particles and, hence, slowly degraded in the environment due to its reduced bioavailability. N-Phenylurea herbicides seem to be biodegraded in soil, but it must be kept in mind that this biotic or abiotic degradation could lead to accumulation of very toxic derived compounds, such as 3,4-dichloroaniline. Research was conducted to find procedures that might result in an increase in the bioavailability of diuron in contaminated soils, through solubility enhancement. For this purpose a double system composed of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD), which is capable of forming inclusion complexes in solution, and a two-member bacterial consortium formed by the diuron-degrading Arthrobacter sulfonivorans (Arthrobacter sp. N2) and the linuron-degrading Variovorax soli (Variovorax sp. SRS16) was used. This consortium can achieve a complete biodegradation of diuron to CO 2 with regard to that observed in the absence of the CD solution, where only a 45% biodegradation was observed. The cyclodextrin-based bioremediation technology here described shows for the first time an almost complete mineralization of diuron in a soil system, in contrast to previous incomplete mineralization based on single or consortium bacterial degradation.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jf3021909
issn: 0021-8561
e-issn: 1520-5118
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