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Associations of physical activity and fitness with adipocytokines in adolescents: The AFINOS study

AuthorsMartínez Gómez, D. CSIC ORCID; Eisenmann, Joey C.; Gómez Martínez, Sonia CSIC ORCID; Veses, Ana M. CSIC ORCID ; Romeo, J. CSIC ORCID; Veiga, Óscar; Marcos, Ascensión CSIC ORCID; Calle, M. Elisa; Villagra, H. Ariel; Regidor, E.; Esteban-Gonzalo, L.; Campo, Juan del; Moya, J. M.; Zapatera, Belén CSIC ORCID ; Nova, Esther CSIC ORCID ; Wärnberg, Julia; Díaz, L. E. CSIC ORCID; Pozo Rubio, Tamara CSIC; Puertollano, M. Ángeles
Issue Date2012
CitationNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 22: 252- 259 (2012)
AbstractBackground and aims: Adipocytokines may have a key role in the development of atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and joint associations of physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular fitness (MF) with adiponectin and leptin in adolescents. Methods and results: A sample of 198 adolescents (96 girls), aged 13-17-year, was selected. Participants completed anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference) and percentage of body fat (%BF) was estimated by bioelectrical impedance. PA was measured by accelerometer for 7-day. The 20-m shuttle-run test was used to assess CRF and two MF tests (handgrip strength and standing broad jump) were used to create an MF score. A cluster score of health status (0-3 risks) was created. Serum adiponectin and plasma leptin were also determined. Regression analyses controlling for age, sex, pubertal status and waist circumference showed that PA was not significantly associated with adiponectin and vigorous PA showed a significant inverse association with leptin. Both CRF and MF were significantly and inversely associated with adiponectin and leptin. Further analyses revealed that the 'healthy' group (0 risks) had significantly lower adiponectin and leptin than 'medium-healthy' (1 risk) and 'unhealthy' (2-3 risks) status groups. Conclusions: PA, CRF and MF are inversely and jointly associated with adiponectin and leptin concentrations in adolescents. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2010.07.010
issn: 0939-4753
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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