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Gas transport in surface grafted polypropylene films with poly(acrylic acid) chains

AuthorsCostamagna, Vanina; Strumia, Miriam; López-González, Mar; Riande, Evaristo
poly(acrylic acid)
polypropylene films
Issue Date2007
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationJournal of Polymer Science Part B : Polymer Physics 45 (17) : 2421–2431 (2007)
AbstractThis work describes the grafting reaction of poly(acrylic acid) (PA) onto the surface of polypropylene (PP) films carried out with ultraviolet radiation, using benzophenone as photoinitiator and water as solvent. By increasing the reaction time, graft percentages of 3.5, 6.5, 12.9, 19.8, 29.4, and 36.0% were obtained. Micrographs of the modified films show that grafting exclusively occurs on the PP films surface. The values of the permeability coefficient of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, argon, methane, ethane, ethylene, and propane across the grafted films undergo a sharp drop. The interpretation of the permeation results suggest that radicals created in the tertiary carbons of the grafted chains by effect of UV light or by chain transfer reactions may highly crosslink the PA grafted layer. A rigid layer involving both strong hydrogen bonding and chains crosslinking is formed at grafting percentages of 3.5% that strongly hinders gas permeation across that layer. Destruction of hydrogen bonding by partially replacing protons of acrylic acid residues by sodium/silver cations increases the permeability of the surface grafted films. Finally, the films permselectivity is hardly affected by the grafted layer.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/polb.21269
Appears in Collections:(ICTP) Artículos
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