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Permselectivity and conductivity of membranes based on sulfonated naphthalenic copolyimides

AuthorsGuo, Xiaoxia; Zhai, Fengxia; Fang, Jianhua; Laguna, Maria Fe ; López-González, Mar; Riande, Evaristo
Issue Date2007
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Physical Chemistry B 111 (49) : 13694–13702 (2007)
AbstractA series of sulfonated diamines were synthesized which were further used to obtain relevant sulfonated naphthalenic copolyimides. Tough and ductile membranes were cast from solutions of the copolyimides in dimethylsulfoxide, which exhibit high ion-exchange capacity and high water uptake. The protonic conductivity of the membranes equilibrated with water lies in the range 1.0−8.6 S/m, at 25 °C, being of the same order of magnitude as that reported for perfluorinated acidic membranes. The values of the transport number of protons and sodium ions are close to the unit for very dilute electrolyte solutions, but they lie in the range 0.80−0.90 for moderate concentrations. The membranes exhibit rather high electroosmotic permeability. The similarity of the diffusion coefficients of protons and water in the membranes suggests that the Grottus mechanism governs the protonic conductive process in the acidic membranes equilibrated with water.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0734631
Appears in Collections:(ICTP) Artículos
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