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Leaching of simazine in organic-amended soils

AuthorsCox, L. ; Hermosín, M.C. ; Cornejo, J.
Issue Date1999
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 30(11-12): 1697-1706 (1999)
AbstractA laboratory study with a 1x3 factorial design has been conducted to assess the effect of the addition of 10% and 20% w/w of an organic amendment [26% Organic carbon (C)] in sorption, degradation and leaching of simazine in a sandy soil (0.66% organic C, 75% sand, 16% clay). Sorption studies have been performed following a batch equilibration procedure and sorption isotherms fitted to Freundlich equation. The Kf increased by a factor of 2.5 and 1.8 with high and low amendment dose, respectively. Simazine treated soils were incubated at -33 KPa moisture content and 20°C for 28 days (d). Soils were sampled periodically and simazine residues extracted with methanol. No changes in simazine residues with incubation time were observed for the original unamended soil, whereas calculated half-lives obtained by fitting simazine dissipation curves in the amended soils to first order kinetics were 123 d for the lower dose and 69 d for the high dose. Mobility was studied in handpacked soil columns under fluctuating saturated/unsaturated flow conditions. Breakthrough curves were consistent with an inverse relationship between leaching and sorption, with greater mobility of simazine in the untreated sandy soil than in the amended soils. Recoveries of initially applied simazine in leachates after the application of 750 mL of water were 93% for the original soil, 88% for soil amended with the low dose of humic amendment, and 53% for the high dose, which is also consistent with degradation studies. These results indicate that the humic amendment reduces herbicide leaching by promoting sorption and degradation processes.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1080/00103629909370322
issn: 0010-3624
e-issn: 1532-2416
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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