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Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in lndividual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam

AuthorsChu, Ming-Wen; Myroshnychenko, Viktor ; Chen, C. H.; Deng, Jin-Pei; Niou, C. -Y.; García de Abajo, Francisco Javier
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationNano Letters 9: 399- 404 (2009)
AbstractThe rich structure of bright and dark surface-plasmon modes localized in individual and coupled gold nanoparticles is unveiled by electron- energyloss spectroscopy performed in a scanning transmission electron microscope. Spatially resolved maps of surface-plasmon modes in the ̃1.5-2.5 eV range (wavelengths ̃500-800 nm), collected for individual nanorods, coupled nanorod dimers, and touching nanosphere dimers, are in excellent agreement with theory. Surface-plasmon maps constructed from the spatially and spectrally resolved energy-loss signais are shown to mimic rather well the near fields calculated for extemal illumination in the case of bright surface-plasmon modes (i.e., those coupling to external light). Dark surface-plasmon modes that cannot be excited by optical means are also found, and our electron probing technique provides further insight into their corresponding spatial distribution and symmetry, which are not accessible to any other existing techniques. Our resutts initiate the study of a whole set of new dark surface-plasmon modes that should become a source of new applications in sensing and microscopy but have escaped experimental scrutiny so far.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/nl803270x
issn: 1530-6984
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IO) Artículos
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