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Phosphatidylinositol 3-OH kinase regulatory subunits are differentially expressed during development of the rat cerebellum

AuthorsTrejo, José L. ; Pons, Sebastián
Issue Date2001
CitationJournal of Neurobiology 47: 39- 50 (2001)
AbstractRecent evidence implicates a central role for PI3K signalling in mediating cell survival during the process of neuronal differentiation. Although PI3K activity is stimulated by a wide range of growth factors and cytokines in different cell lines and tissues, activation of this pathway by insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) most likely represents the main survival signal during neuronal differentiation. IGF-I is highly expressed during development of the central nervous system, and thus is a critical factor for the development and maturation of the cerebellum. Upon ligand binding, the IGF-I receptor phosphorylates tyrosine residues in SHC and insulin receptor substrates (IRSs) initiating two main signalling cascades, the MAP kinase and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways. Activated PI3K is composed of a catalytic subunit (p11Oα or β) associated with one of a large family of regulatory subunits (p85α, p85β, p55γ p55α, and p50α). To evaluate the contributions of these various regulatory subunits to neuronal differentiation, we have used antibodies specific for each of the PI3K subunits. Using these antisera, we now demonstrate that PI3K subunits are differentially regulated in cerebellar development, and that the expression level of the p55γ regulatory subunit reaches a maximum during postnatal development, decreasing thereafter to low levels in the adult cerebellum. Furthermore, our studies reveal that the distribution of the various PI3K regulatory subunits varies during development of the cerebellum. Interestingly, p55γ is expressed in both glial and neuronal cells; moreover, in Purkinje neurones, this subunit colocalises with the IGF-IR. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/neu.1014
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/neu.1014
issn: 0022-3034
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos
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