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Agonist-specific and sexual stage-dependent inhibition of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated gonadotropin and growth hormone release by ryanodine: Relationship to sexual stage-dependent caffeine-sensitive hormone release

AuthorsChowen, Julie A.; Goya, Luis ; Ramos, Sonia ; Busiguina, S.; García-Segura, Luis M. ; Argente, Jesús; Pascual-Leone, Ana María
Issue Date2002
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationJournal of Neuroendocrinology 14(2): 144-155 (2002)
AbstractDifferential utilization of intracellular Ca2+ stores with specific functional characteristics could be a potential mechanism for coupling various stimuli to specific cellular responses. In the goldfish pituitary, both gonadotropes and somatotropes possess multiple intracellular Ca2+ stores that are differentially coupled to agonist-evoked exocytosis. We investigated the role of ryanodine receptor/Ca2+-release channels (RyR) in basal and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-evoked hormone secretion from cultured gonadotropes and somatotropes using radioimmunoassay for gonadotropin (GTH-II) and growth hormone (GH). As is the case in vivo, the basal and evoked secretion of both hormones varied with seasonal reproductive status. GnRH-stimulated hormone release was three-fold higher in cells from sexually mature animals compared to those in a sexually regressed state. Nanomolar doses of ryanodine evoked significant GTH-II and GH secretion, suggesting that ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores can couple to exocytosis in both cell types. In gonadotropes, 10 μM ryanodine abolished cGnRH-II-evoked GTH-II release in both sexually mature and sexually regressed fish, while sGnRH signalling was mediated by ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in cells from sexually regressed fish only. Ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in somatotropes were only involved in cGnRH-II-stimulated GH release during gonadal regression. In contrast, sGnRH-stimulated, but not cGnRH-II-stimulated, GH release was significantly reduced by 1 μM xestospongin C. Although hormone release stimulated by mobilizing caffeine-sensitive Ca2+ pools was also markedly seasonal, it was largely independent of ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores. Ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in both cell types are not active downstream of ionomycin, BayK 8644, protein kinase C or cyclic adenosine monophosphate signalling pathways, suggesting difference from a classical Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release system. Ours study is the first to suggest that RyR2 may be involved in the seasonal plasticity of pituitary function, which may be related to cyclic changes observed in reproduction and growth.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1046/j.0007-1331.2001.00756.x
issn: 0953-8194
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