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Rapid detection of D-amino acids in cheese with a chiral ligand-exchange chromatography system

AuthorsSardella, Roccaldo; Ianni, F.; Natalini, B.; Blanch, Gracia P. ; Ruiz del Castillo, M. Luisa
Issue Date2012
PublisherBentham Science Publishers
CitationCurrent Analytical Chemistry 8: 319- 327 (2012)
AbstractDue to the well established difference in the pharmaco/toxicological profile of many amino acid enantiomers, and also for typifying the food quality and origin, the exact knowledge of their presence and relative ratio in foodstuffs, is a matter of growing interest. In this setting, with an interest in identifying the presence of D-amino acids in a selected set of cheese samples, and with the aim to introduce a fast and easily accessible chromatographic procedure, we analyzed six cheese extracts with a CLEC-based chiral stationary phase (CLEC-CSP). The CLEC analyses were run without any pre-or post-column derivatization of the amino acidic mixture. The successful chemo- and enantioseparation were contemporarily achieved with the use of a dynamically coated CSP (C-CSP) based on the S-trityl-L-cysteine (L-STC) as the chiral selector. With the applied CLEC procedure, the presence of D-Ala, D-Asp and D-Glu was diagnosed in all the analyzed samples and then confirmed via conventional chiral gas chromatographic (CGC) analysis. A certain degree of peak overlapping was found to be the main drawback of the simplified sample analysis, which is nevertheless balanced by the advantages of the rapid detection. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.
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