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Effect of Cross-Linking on the Molecular Motions and Nanodomains Segregation in Polymethacrylates Containing Aliphatic Alcohol Ether Residues

AuthorsCarsi, M.; Sanchis, M. J.; Díaz-Calleja, Ricardo; Riande, Evaristo ; Nugent, M. J. D.
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationMacromolecules 45 (8) : 3571–3580 (2012)
AbstractThe dielectric relaxation spectra of poly(2-ethoxyethyl methacrylate) in the frequency domain exhibits above Tg and at high frequencies a well-developed secondary γ relaxation. This process is followed in decreasing order of frequency for a relatively weak β relaxation and an ostensible glass−rubber relaxation which at high temperatures and low frequencies is dominated by electrode−polymer interfacial processes. By slightly cross-linking the polymer using 2.5% (mol) of 2- ethoxyethyldimethacrylate as cross-linking agent, the β relaxation disappears, the γ relaxation remaining. The activation energy of the γ relaxation for the cross-linked and un-cross-linked polymers is ca. 30 kJ·mol−1, about 10 kJ·mol−1 below that of the β relaxation. Cross-linking shifts the location of the glass−rubber relaxation nearly 10 °C to higher temperatures, without widening the distribution of relaxation times. The X-rays pattern of the cross-linked polymer presents two peaks at q = 5.6 nm−1 and 12.76 nm−1, resembling the X-ray patterns of poly- (n-alkyl methacrylate)s. The peaks in poly(n-alkyl methacrylate)s were attributed to the formation of nanodomains integrated by side chains flanked by the backbone. However, whereas this heterogeneity produces an αPE peak in poly(n-alkyl methacrylate)s with n ≥ 2, this microheterogeneity gives rise to a Maxwell−Wagner−Sillars (MWS) relaxation in the cross-linked polymer located at lower frequencies than the glass rubber relaxation. Finally the interfacial-electrode conductive processes of the crosslinked and un-cross-linked polymeric systems are studied in the light of current theories.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma202811p
Appears in Collections:(ICTP) Artículos
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