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Geographic differences between functional groups in patterns of bird species richness in North America

AuthorsCarnicer, Jofre ; Díaz-Delgado, Ricardo
Issue Date2008
CitationActa Oecologica 33: 253- 264 (2008)
AbstractGeographic divergences in patterns of species richness were studied for the terrestrial birds of North America using Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) census data subdivided for guild and migratory groups. Our aim was to study if species richness patterns for North American birds were best viewed as the convergent response of different groups to a common mechanism or as the result of several different processes. We observed opposite geographical patterns of species richness and differences in the variables associated with species richness depending on the guild or migratory status considered. Several ecological variables seem to regulate large-scale patterns of terrestrial bird species richness in North America, mainly temperature-, productivity- and landscape habitat structure-related variables. These variables are diverse and group-specific. For instance, the results supported the productivity hypothesis in migratory and frugivore groups and the winter tolerance hypothesis in residents. Habitat structure was also identified as an important factor driving species richness, total abundance and community body mass variation. Overall, our results indicate that the large-scale patterns of bird species richness are the result of several divergent, group-specific processes, and that understanding diversity gradients requires the identification of the functional ecological groups included. © 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.actao.2007.12.001
issn: 1146-609X
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Artículos
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