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Changes in enzyme activities and microbial biomass after >in situ> remediation of a heavy metal-contaminated soil

AuthorsPérez de Mora, Alfredo ; Ortega Calvo, J. J. ; Cabrera, Francisco ; Madejón, Engracia
Issue Date2005
CitationApplied Soil Ecology 28(2): 125- 137 (2005)
AbstractMicrobial properties such as microbial biomass carbon (MBC), arylsulfatase, β-glucosidase and dehydrogenase activities, and microbial heterotrophic potential, together with several chemical properties such as pH, CaCl 2 soluble heavy metal concentrations, total organic carbon and hydrosoluble carbon were measured to evaluate changes in soil quality, after >in situ> remediation of a heavy metal-contaminated soil from the Aznalcóllar mine accident (Southern Spain, 1998). The experiment was carried out using containers, filled with soil from the affected area. Four organic amendments (a municipal waste compost, a biosolid compost, a leonardite and a litter) and an inorganic amendment (sugarbeet lime) were mixed with the top soil at the rate of 100 Mg ha-1. Unamended soil was used as control. Agrostis stolonifera L. was sown in the containers. The soil was sampled twice: one month and six months after amendment application. In general, these amendments improved the soil chemical properties: soil pH, total organic carbon and hydrosoluble carbon increased in the amended soils, while soluble heavy metal concentrations diminished. At the same time, higher MBC, enzyme activities and maximum rate of glucose mineralization values were found in the organically amended soils. Plant cover was also important in restoring the soil chemical and microbial properties in all the soils, but mainly in those that were not amended organically. As a rule, remediation measures improved soil quality in the contaminated soils.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2004.07.006
issn: 0929-1393
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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