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A comparative study of the use of organoclay-based formulations and organic amendment to reduce the leaching of the herbicide MCPA in soil

AuthorsCabrera Mesa, Alegría ; Trigo, Carmen ; Cox, L. ; Celis, R. ; Cornejo, J.
Issue Date2008
CitationClean - Soil, Air, Water 36(12): 990- 995 (2008)
AbstractMCPA (4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid) is an acidic herbicide widely used on olive crops in Spain. Due to its anionic form at natural soil pH, there is high risk of leaching and groundwater contamination by the use of this herbicide. The aim of this work was to study the effects of organoclay-based formulations of MCPA and olive oil waste amendment on MCPA leaching in a sandy loam soil. For this purpose, batch adsorption and column leaching studies were performed. The organoclays used to prepare the clay-based formulations of MCPA were obtained by treating Wyoming montmorillonite (SWy-2) and Arizona montmorillonite (SAz-1) with an amount of hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) cation equal to 100% of the CEC of the montmorillonites. The organic residue used in this study was a solid waste from olive oil production (olive oil waste, OOW). The soil was amended with the organic residue at the rate of 10% (w/w). Batch release and column leaching studies indicated that organoclay-based formulations of MCPA reduced the release rate and the leaching of the herbicide as compared to the use of a conventional formulation containing the herbicide in an immediately available form. The increase in soil organic matter of the soil upon amendment with the organic residue also resulted in greater adsorption and reduced leaching of MCPA in the soil. Accordingly, both the use of organoclay-based formulations and the amendment of soil with OOW are proposed as efficient strategies to reduce extensive leaching losses associated with the application of MCPA in high-risk scenarios, such as Mediterranean olive groves.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/clen.200800159
issn: 1863-0650
e-issn: 1863-0669
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