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Title

Altered cell cycle-related gene expression in brain and lymphocytes from a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer´s disease [amyloid precursor protein/presenilin 1 (PS1)]

AuthorsEsteras, Noemí ; Bartolomé Robledo, Fernando ; Alquézar, Carolina ; Antequera, Desiree; Muñoz, Úrsula ; Carro, Eva; Martín-Requero, Ángeles
KeywordsAlzheimer’s disease
amyloid precursor protein/PS1 mice
cell cycle
gene expression
lymphocytes
polymerase chain reaction arrays
Issue DateSep-2012
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationEuropean Journal of Neuroscience 36(5):2609-2618(2012)
AbstractCumulative evidence indicates that aberrant re-expression of many cell cycle-related proteins and inappropriate neuronal cell cycle control are critical events in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis. Evidence of cell cycle activation in post-mitotic neurons has also been observed in murine models of AD, despite the fact that most of these mice do not show massive loss of neuronal bodies. Dysfunction of the cell cycle appears to affect cells other than neurons, as peripheral cells, such as lymphocytes and fibroblasts from patients with AD, show an altered response to mitogenic stimulation. We sought to determine whether cell cycle disturbances are present simultaneously in both brain and peripheral cells from the amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin 1 (PS1) mouse model of AD, in order to validate the use of peripheral cells from patients not only to study cell cycle abnormalities as a pathogenic feature of AD, but also as a means to test novel therapeutic approaches. By using cell cycle pathway-specific RT2Profiler™ PCR Arrays, we detected changes in a number of cell cycle-related genes in brain as well as in lymphocytes from APP/PS1 mice. Moreover, we found enhanced 5′-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine incorporation into DNA in lymphocytes from APP/PS1 mice, and increased expression of the cell proliferation marker proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor Cdkn2a, as detected by immunohistochemistry in cortical neurons of the APP/PS1 mice. Taken together, the cell cycle-related changes in brain and blood cells reported here support the mitosis failure hypothesis in AD and validate the use of peripheral cells as surrogate tissue to study the molecular basis of AD pathogenesis
Description10 páginas, 7 figuras, 3 tablas -- PAGS nros. 2609-2618
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.08178.x
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/60055
DOI10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.08178.x
ISSN0953-816X
E-ISSN1460-9568
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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