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Both increases in immature dentate neuron number and decreases of immobility time in the forced swim test occurred in parallel after environmental enrichment of mice

AuthorsLlorens-Martín, M. ; Rueda, Noemí; Martínez-Cué, Carmen; Torres Alemán, Ignacio ; Flórez, Jesús; Trejo, José L.
Issue Date2007
CitationNeuroscience 147: 631- 638 (2007)
AbstractA direct relation between the rate of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in mice and the immobility time in a forced swim test after living in an enriched environment has been suggested previously. In the present work, young adult mice living in an enriched environment for 2 months developed considerably more immature differentiating neurons (doublecortin-positive, DCX+) than control, non-enriched animals. Furthermore, we found that the more DCX+ cells they possessed, the lower the immobility time they scored in the forced swim test. This DCX+ subpopulation is composed of mostly differentiating dentate neurons independently of the birthdates of every individual cell. However, variations found in this subpopulation were not the result of a general effect on the survival of any newborn neuron in the granule cell layer, as 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled cells born during a narrow time window included in the longer lifetime period of DCX+ cells, were not significantly modified after enrichment. In contrast, the survival of the mature population of neurons in the granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus in enriched animals increased, although this did not influence their performance in the Porsolt test, nor did it influence the dentate gyrus volume or granule neuronal nuclei size. These results indicate that the population of immature, differentiating neurons in the adult hippocampus is one factor directly related to the protective effect of an enriched environment against a highly stressful event. © 2007 IBRO.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=-73489682&_sort=r&_st=13&view=c&_acct=C000048559&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=4225254&md5=dc89ead23bfbcd40eefbcca7b1b10d12&searchtype=a
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2007.04.054
issn: 0306-4522
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos
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