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Title

Sunlight Effects on the Osmotrophic Uptake of DMSP-Sulfur and Leucine by Polar Phytoplankton

AuthorsRuiz-González, Clara ; Galí, Martí ; Sintes, Eva; Herndl, Gerhard J.; Gasol, Josep M. ; Simó, Rafel
Issue Date19-Sep-2012
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 7(9): e45545
AbstractEven though the uptake and assimilation of organic compounds by phytoplankton has been long recognized, very little is still known about its potential ecological role in natural marine communities and whether it varies depending on the light regimes the algae experience. We combined measurements of size-fractionated assimilation of trace additions of 3H-leucine and 35S-dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) with microautoradiography to assess the extent and relevance of osmoheterotrophy in summer phytoplankton assemblages from Arctic and Antarctic waters, and the role of solar radiation on it was further investigated by exposing samples to different radiation spectra. Significant assimilation of both substrates occurred in the size fraction containing most phytoplankton (>5 µm), sunlight exposure generally increasing 35S-DMSP-sulfur assimilation and decreasing 3H-leucine assimilation. Microautoradiography revealed that the capacity to take up both organic substrates seemed widespread among different polar algal phyla, particularly in pennate and centric diatoms, and photosynthetic dinoflagellates. Image analysis of the microautoradiograms showed for the first time interspecific variability in the uptakes of 35S-DMSP and 3H-leucine by phytoplankton depending on the solar spectrum. Overall, these results suggest that the role of polar phytoplankton in the utilization of labile dissolved organic matter may be significant under certain conditions and further confirm the relevance of solar radiation in regulating heterotrophy in the pelagic ocean
Description14 pages, 8 figures, 4 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045545
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/59885
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0045545
ISSN1932-6203
E-ISSN1932-6203
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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