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Digestive enzymes in marine species. II. Amylase activities in gut from seabream (Sparus aurata), turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and redfish (Sebastes mentella)

AuthorsMunilla-Morán, R.; Saborido-Rey, Fran
KeywordsCarbohydrate digestion
Carnivorous marine fish
Sparus aurata
Scophthdmus maximus
Sebastes mentella
Issue Date1996
CitationComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B - Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 113(4): 827-834 (1996)
AbstractThe amylase activity of the digestive tract of three carnivorous fish species (Spurus aurata, ScophtMmw maximus and Sebustes me&la) has been studied. The activity of seabream and turbot showed its maximum at neutral pH (7.0-7.5); meanwhile, the activity of redfish had an optimum pH at 4.5-5.0. The to function ranged between 35 and 45°C for the three species. The Arrhenius plots of the intestinal activities of seabream and turbot showed breakpoints at temperatures close to those of their physiological activities. High saline concentrations inhibited the activity of seabream and turbot and activated the activity of redfish. Seabream activity was absolutely dependent on calcium ions. On the contrary, redfish activity was only detected in the absence of this metal. Studies carried out by using several effecters suggested that the activities found in these three species are different. Considering our results from a point of view of the environmental conditions of these species, it might be concluded that enzymatic digestion of dietary carbohydrates proceeds at very low rate. Physiologicat implications are discussed
Description8 páginas, 3 tablas, 3 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-0491(95)02101-9
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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