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Enhanced Staphylolytic Activity of the Staphylococcus aureus Bacteriophage vB_SauS-phiIPLA88 HydH5 Virion-Associated Peptidoglycan Hydrolase: Fusions, Deletions, and Synergy with LysH5

AuthorsRodríguez, Lorena ; Martínez Fernández, Beatriz ; Rodríguez González, Ana ; Donovan, David M.; García Suárez, María Pilar
Issue Date20-Jan-2012
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 78(22): 2241-2248 (2012)
AbstractVirion-associated peptidoglycan hydrolases have potential as antimicrobial agents due to their ability to lyse Gram-positive bacteria on contact. In this work, our aim was to improve the lytic activity of HydH5, a virion-associated peptidoglycan hydrolase from the Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophage vB_SauS-phiIPLA88. Full-length HydH5 and two truncated derivatives containing only the CHAP (cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolase/peptidase) domain exhibited high lytic activity against live S. aureus cells. In addition, three different fusion proteins were created between lysostaphin and HydH5, each of which showed higher staphylolytic activity than the parental enzyme or its deletion construct. Both parental and fusion proteins lysed S. aureus cells in zymograms and plate lysis and turbidity reduction assays. In plate lysis assays, HydH5 and its derivative fusions lysed bovine and human S. aureus strains, the methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strain N315, and human Staphylococcus epidermidis strains. Several nonstaphylococcal bacteria were not affected. HydH5 and its derivative fusion proteins displayed antimicrobial synergy with the endolysin LysH5 in vitro, suggesting that the two enzymes have distinct cut sites and, thus, may be more efficient in combination for the elimination of staphylococcal infections.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.07621-11
Appears in Collections:(IPLA) Artículos
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