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Long-term relationship between diet breadth and breeding success in a declining population of Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus

AutorMargalida, Antoni; Benítez, J. R.; Sánchez-Zapata, José A.; Ávila, Enrique; Arenas, Rafael; Donázar, José A.
Fecha de publicación2012
EditorBlackwell Publishing
CitaciónIbis 154: 184- 188 (2012)
ResumenBetween 2000 and 2009 we studied the diet and breeding success of Egyptian Vultures Neophron percnopterus in southern Spain. Wild species accounted for 74.9% of prey items (n=1071) with a predominance of mammals (62.3%), followed by birds (20.8%) and reptiles (13.1%). Spatially, the diet was highly varied and not restricted to carcasses of livestock; wild Rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus accounted for 54% of the overall remains. The spatial variability may reflect regional and local disparity in the availability of main prey. The temporal relationship between variation in trophic diversity and Vulture nesting productivity (both values showing a long-term decrease) might suggest a causal link between variation in diet and reproductive output. We hypothesize that high turnover rates could explain productivity variation as a consequence of the recruitment of less experienced individuals to the breeding population. This could in turn generate covariation between diet and reproductive output. © 2011 The Authors. Ibis © 2011 British Ornithologists' Union.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/59019
DOI10.1111/j.1474-919X.2011.01189.x
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2011.01189.x
issn: 0019-1019
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