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Title

A complete human pelvis from the middle pleistocene of Spain

AuthorsArsuaga, Juan Luis; Lorenzo, Carlos; Carretero, José Miguel; Gracia, Ana; Martínez, Ignacio; García, Nuria ; Bermúdez de Castro, José María; Carbonell, E.
Issue Date1999
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationNature 399: 255- 258 (1999)
AbstractThe Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos in Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, has yielded around 2,500 fossils from at least 33 different hominid individuals. These have been dated at more than 200,000 years ago and have been classified as ancestors of Neanderthals. An almost complete human male pelvis (labelled Pelvis 1) has been found, which we associate with two fragmentary femora. Pelvis 1 is robust and very broad with a very long superior pubic ramus, marked iliac flare, and a long femoral neck. This pattern is probably the primitive condition from which modern humans departed. A modern human newborn would pass through the birth canal of Pelvis 1 and this would be even larger in a female individual. We estimate the body mass of this individual at 95 kg or more. Using the cranial capacities of three specimens from Sima de los Huesos, the encephalizaton quotients are substantially smaller than in Neanderthals and modern humans.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/58962
DOI10.1038/20430
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/20430
issn: 0028-0836
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