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Multicomponent direct detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using silver nanoparticles functionalized with the viologen host lucigenin

AuthorsLópez Tocón, I.; Otero, J.C. ; Arenas, J.F.; García-Ramos, José Vicente ; Sánchez-Cortés, Santiago
Issue Date2011
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationAnalytical Chemistry 83: 2518- 2525 (2011)
AbstractSilver nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with the molecular assembler bis-acridinium dication lucigenin (LG) have been used as a chemical sensor system to detect a group of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pollutants in a multicomponent mixture by means of surface-enhanced raman scattering (SERS). The effectiveness of this system was checked for a group of PAHs with different numbers of fused benzene rings, namely anthracene, pyrene, triphenylene, benzo[c]phenanthrene, chrysene, and coronene. In order to determine the host capacity of this sensor system, the self-assembly of the LG viologen on a metallic surface has been checked by analyzing SERS intensities of PAH bands at different LG concentrations. The NP-LG-analyte affinity is derived from the analysis of PAH band intensities at different concentrations of pollutants, the adsorption isotherm of each PAH on NP-LG cavities has been studied, and the corresponding adsorption constants have been evaluated. The limit of detection at trace-level concentration is confirmed by the presence of their characteristic fingerprint vibrational bands. The SERS spectra of PAH mixtures confirm that LG viologen dication shows a higher analytical selectivity to PAHs constituted by four fused benzene rings, mainly pyrene and benzo[c]phenanthrene, in agreement with their higher affinity which is also related to their better fit into the intermolecular LG cavities. As a conclusion, SERS spectra recorded on modified NP-LG surfaces are a powerful chemical tool to detect organic pollutants. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/ac102771w
issn: 0003-2700
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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