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Title

Carbon and nitrogen cycles in European ecosystems respond differently to global warming

AuthorsBeier, C.; Emmett, B. A.; Peñuelas, Josep; Schmidt, I. K.; Tietema, A.; Estiarte, Marc; Gundersen, P.; Llorens, L.; Riis-Nielsen, T.; Sowerby, A.; Gorissen, A.
KeywordsC & N interactions
Climate change
Global warming
Ecosystem effects
Issue Date19-Oct-2008
PublisherElsevier
CitationScience of the Total Environment 407 (1) : 692-697 (2008)
AbstractThe global climate is predicted to become significantly warmer over the next century. This will affect ecosystem processes and the functioning of semi natural and natural ecosystems in many parts of the world. However, as various ecosystem processes may be affected to a different extent, balances between different ecosystem processes as well as between different ecosystems may shift and lead to major unpredicted changes. In this study four European shrubland ecosystems along a north–south temperature gradient were experimentally warmed by a novel nighttime warming technique. Biogeochemical cycling of both carbon and nitrogen was affected at the colder sites with increased carbon uptake for plant growth as well as increased carbon loss through soil respiration. Carbon uptake by plant growth was more sensitive to warming than expected from the temperature response across the sites while carbon loss through soil respiration reacted to warming in agreement with the overall Q10 and response functions to temperature across the sites. Opposite to carbon, the nitrogen mineralization was relatively insensitive to the temperature increase and was mainly affected by changes in soil moisture. The results suggest that C and N cycles respond asymmetrically to warming, which may lead to progressive nitrogen limitation and thereby acclimation in plant production. This further suggests that in many temperate zones nitrogen deposition has to be accounted for, not only with respect to the impact on water quality through increased nitrogen leaching where N deposition is high, but also in predictions of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems under future climatic conditions. Finally the results indicate that on the short term the above-ground processes are more sensitive to temperature changes than the below ground processes.
Description6 páginas, 4 figuras.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.10.001
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/58511
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.10.001
ISSN0048-9697
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
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