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Composition of the black crusts from the Saint Denis Basilica, France, as revealed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

AuthorsGaviño, María; Hermosín, Bernardo ; Vergès-Belmin, V.; Nowik, Witold; Sáiz-Jiménez, Cesáreo
Issue Date2004
CitationJournal of Separation Science 27(7-8): 513- 523 (2004)
AbstractThe organic fraction of black crusts from Saint Denis Basilica, France, is composed of a complex mixture of aliphatic and aromatic compounds. These compounds were studied by two different analytical approaches: tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAH) thermochemolysis in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and solvent extraction, fractionation by silica column, and identification of the fraction components by GC-MS. The first approach, feasible at the microscale level, is able to supply fairly general information on a wide range of compounds. Using the second approach, we were able to separate the complex mixture of compounds into four fractions, enabling a better identification of the extractable compounds. These compounds belong to different classes: aliphatic hydrocarbons (n-alkanes, n-alkenes), aliphatic and aromatic carboxylic acids (n-fatty acids, α,ω-dicarboxylic acids, and benzenecarboxylic acids), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and molecular biomarkers (isoprenoid hydrocarbons, diterpenoids, and triterpenoids). With each approach, similar classes of compounds were identified, although TMAH thermochemolysis failed to identify compounds present at low concentrations in black crusts. The two proposed methodological approaches are complementary, particularly in the study of polar fractions.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/jssc.200301626
issn: 1615-9306
e-issn: 1615-9314
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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