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dc.contributor.authorEsteban, Joan-
dc.contributor.authorRay, Debraj-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1257/aer.98.5.2185-
dc.identifierissn: 0002-8282-
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Economic Review 98(5): 2185-2202 (2008)-
dc.description.abstractA classical theme in social analysis views economic class divisions as the main cause of social conflict. Yet many, if not most of the conflicts we observe today appear to be ethnic in nature. It appears that the >vertical> nature of class divisions is often dominated by the >horizontal> antagonisms across groups delineated by noneconomic markers. This paper highlights the perverse synergy of economic inequality within ethnic groups, and its role in the salience of ethnic conflict. In a model of group formation which allows both class and ethnic groupings to emerge, we show that ethnic, as opposed to class, conflict may be focal, and precisely in the presence of economic inequality. (JEL D72, D74)-
dc.description.sponsorshipRay acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation under grants 0421852 and 0617827. Esteban is a member of Barcelona Economics (XREA) and is grateful for support from the Generalitat de Catalunya and the CICYT (SEJ-2006-00369). This research is part of the Polarization and Conflict research project (CIT2-CT-2004-506084) funded by the European Commission–DG Research Sixth Framework Program.-
dc.publisherAmerican Economic Association-
dc.titleOn the salience of ethnic conflict-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
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