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Proteomic analysis of pathogenesis-related proteins (PRs) induced by pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) in Capsicum chinense L3

AuthorsElvira, Maribel; Molina Galdeano, Myriam; Gilardi, Patricia; García-Luque, Isabel
KeywordsCapsicum chinense
compatible interaction
incompatible interaction
PR proteins
Issue DateApr-2008
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Experimental Botany 59(6):1253-1265(2008)
AbstractResistance conferred by the L3 gene is active against most of the tobamoviruses, including the Spanish strain (PMMoV-S), a P1,2 pathotype, but not against certain strains of pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV), termed P1,2,3 pathotype, such as the Italian strain (PMMoV-I). Both viruses are nearly identical at their nucleotide sequence level (98%) and were used to challenge Capsicum chinense PI159236 plants harbouring the L3 gene in order to carry out a comparative proteomic analysis of PR proteins induced in this host in response to infection by either PMMoV-S or PMMoV-I. PMMoV-S induces a hypersensitive reaction (HR) in C. chinense PI159236 plant leaves with the formation of necrotic local lesions and restriction of the virus at the primary infection sites. In this paper, C. chinense PR protein isoforms belonging to the PR-1, β-1,3-glucanases (PR-2), chitinases (PR-3), osmotin-like protein (PR-5), peroxidases (PR-9), germin-like protein (PR-16), and PRp27 (PR-17) have been identified. Three of these PR protein isoforms were specifically induced during PMMoV-S-activation of C. chinense L3 gene-mediated resistance: an acidic β-1,3-glucanase isoform (PR-2) (Mr 44.6; pI 5.1), an osmotin-like protein (PR-5) (Mr 26.8; pI 7.5), and a basic PR-1 protein isoform (Mr 18; pI 9.4–10.0). In addition, evidence is presented for a differential accumulation of C. chinense PR proteins and mRNAs in the compatible (PMMoV-I)–C. chinense and incompatible (PMMoV-S)–C. chinense interactions for proteins belonging to all PR proteins detected. Except for an acidic chitinase (PR-3) (Mr 30.2; pI 5.0), an earlier and higher accumulation of PR proteins and mRNAs was detected in plants associated with HR induction. Furthermore, the accumulation rates of PR proteins and mRNA did not correlate with maximal accumulation levels of viral RNA, thus indicating that PR protein expression may reflect the physiological status of the plant
Description13 páginas, 6 figuras, 1 tabla -- PAGS nros. 1253-1265
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ern032
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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