English   español  
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/57707
Share/Impact:
Statistics
logo share SHARE logo core CORE   Add this article to your Mendeley library MendeleyBASE

Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL | DATACITE
Exportar a otros formatos:

Title

Ethnicity and Conflict: Theory and Facts

AuthorsEsteban, Joan ; Mayoral, Laura ; Ray, Debraj
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
CitationScience 336(6083): 858-865 (2012)
AbstractOver the second half of the 20th century, conflicts within national boundaries became increasingly dominant. One-third of all countries experienced civil conflict. Many (if not most) such conflicts involved violence along ethnic lines. On the basis of recent theoretical and empirical research, we provide evidence that preexisting ethnic divisions do influence social conflict. Our analysis also points to particular channels of influence. Specifically, we show that two different measures of ethnic division—polarization and fractionalization—jointly influence conflict, the former more so when the winners enjoy a “public” prize (such as political power or religious hegemony), the latter more so when the prize is “private” (such as looted resources, government subsidies, or infrastructures). The available data appear to strongly support existing theories of intergroup conflict. Our argument also provides indirect evidence that ethnic conflicts are likely to be instrumental, rather than driven by primordial hatreds.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/57707
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1222240
Identifiersdoi: 10.1126/science.1222240
issn: 0036-8075
e-issn: 1095-9203
Appears in Collections:(IAE) Artículos
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
accesoRestringido.pdf15,38 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open
Show full item record
Review this work
 


WARNING: Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.