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Increasing interannual and altitudinal ozone mixing ratios in the Catalan Pyrenees

AuthorsDíaz-de-Quijano, M.; Peñuelas, Josep; Ribas Artola, Àngela
KeywordsNitrogen oxides
Mediterranean region
Issue Date2009
CitationAtmospheric Environment 43(38) : 6049-6057 (2009)
AbstractInterannual, seasonal, daily and altitudinal patterns of tropospheric ozonemixingratios, as well as ozone phytotoxicity and the relationship with NOx precursors and meteorological variables were monitored in the Central CatalanPyrenees (Meranges valley and Forest of Guils) over a period of 5 years (2004–2008). Biweekly measurements using Radiello passive samplers were taken along two altitudinal transects comprised of thirteen stations ranging from 1040 to 2300 m a.s.l. Visual symptoms of ozone damage in Bel-W3 tobacco cultivars were evaluated biweekly for the first three years (2004–2006). High ozonemixingratios, always above forest and vegetation protection AOT40 thresholds, were monitored every year. In the last 14 years, the AOT40 (Apr–Sept.) has increased significantly by 1047 μg m−3 h per year. Annual means of ozonemixingratios ranged between 38 and 67 ppbv (38 and 74 ppbv during the warm period) at the highest site (2300 m) and increased at a rate of 5.1 ppbv year−1. The ozonemixingratios were also on average 35–38% greater during the warm period and had a characteristic daily pattern with minimum values in the early morning, a rise during the morning and a decline overnight, that was less marked the higher the altitude. Whereas ozonemixingratios increased significantly with altitude from 35 ppbv at 1040 m–56 ppbv at 2300 m (on average for 2004–2007 period), NO2mixingratios decreased with altitude from 5.5 ppbv at 1040 m–1 ppbv at 2300 m. The analysis of meteorological variables and NOx values suggests that the ozone mainly originated from urban areas and was transported to high-mountain sites, remaining aloft in absence of NO. Ozone damage rates increased with altitude in response to increasing O3mixingratios and a possible increase in O3 uptake due to more favorable microclimatic conditions found at higher altitude, which confirms Bel-W3 as a suitable biomonitor for ozone concentrations during summer time. Compared to the valley-bottom site the annual means of ozonemixingratios are 37% larger in the higher sites. Thus the AOT40 for the forest and vegetation protection threshold is greatly exceeded at higher sites. This could have substantial effects on plant life at high altitudes in the Pyrenees.
Description9 páginas, 11 figuras.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.035
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
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