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Transformation of PBDE mixtures during sediment transport and resuspension in marine environments (Gulf of Lion, NW Mediterranean Sea)

AuthorsSalvadó, Joan A. ; Grimalt, Joan O. ; López, Jordi F.; Durrieu de Madron, Xavier; Heussner, Serge; Canals, Miquel
KeywordsPolybromodiphenyl ethers
Marine sediments
Postdepositional pollutant transport
Transformation of polybromodiphenyl ethers
Decabromodiphenyl ether
Issue Date2012
CitationEnvironmental Pollution 168: 87–95 (2012)
AbstractPolybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in superficial sediments from the Gulf of Lion were studied. They were largely predominated by BDE 209 (98.7% of all PBDEs) indicating that the main source of these pollutants was the commercial mixture deca-BDE. This compound and the less brominated BDE exhibited a southwestward decreasing concentration gradient following the dominant marine currents and bottom relief, e.g. the Mud Belt, the submarine canyons and the Open Continental Slope. All PBDEs exhibited statistically significant correlations confirming the common origin. However, a progressive transformation of the dumped BDE 209 was identified showing a depletion paralleled by increases of the less brominated BDEs (from 8.6% to 22%). These less brominated compounds were accumulated at about 100–140 km away from the Rhone prodelta, e.g. at the end of the submarine canyons, evidencing that these transformation compounds can be accumulated at long distances from the dumping sites in the marine system.
Highlights ► Polybromodiphenyl ethers are associated to organic carbon in marine sediments. ► PBDEs in marine sediments can accumulate further away than 140 km from the spill site. ► BDE-209 in marine sediments generate congeners found in banned commercial mixtures. ► BDE-209 in marine sediments generates new congeners not found in commercial mixtures. ► Submarine canyons channel PBDEs from the continental platform to the deep shelf.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2012.04.019
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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