English   español  
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/56889
Share/Impact:
Statistics
logo share SHARE logo core CORE   Add this article to your Mendeley library MendeleyBASE

Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL
Exportar a otros formatos:
Title

Burning fire-prone mediterranean shrublands: Immediate changes in soil microbial community structure and ecosystem functions

AuthorsGoberna, M. ; García Izquierdo, Carlos; Insam, H.; Hernández Fernández, María Teresa; Verdú, Miguel
KeywordsBacterial communities
Diversity
Wildfire
Issue DateJul-2012
PublisherSpringer
CitationMicrobial Ecology 64(1): 242-255 (2012)
AbstractWildfires subject soil microbes to extreme temperatures and modify their physical and chemical habitat. This might immediately alter their community structure and ecosystem functions. We burned a fire-prone shrubland under controlled conditions to investigate (1) the fire-induced changes in the community structure of soil archaea, bacteria and fungi by analysing 16S or 18S rRNA gene amplicons separated through denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; (2) the physical and chemical variables determining the immediate shifts in the microbial community structure; and (3) the microbial drivers of the change in ecosystem functions related to biogeochemical cycling. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes were structured by the local environment in pre-fire soils. Fire caused a significant shift in the microbial community structure, biomass C, respiration and soil hydrolases. One-day changes in bacterial and fungal community structure correlated to the rise in total organic C and NO3- -N caused by the combustion of plant residues. In the following week, bacterial communities shifted further forced by desiccation and increasing concentrations of macronutrients. Shifts in archaeal community structure were unrelated to any of the 18 environmental variables measured. Fire-induced changes in the community structure of bacteria, rather than archaea or fungi, were correlated to the enhanced microbial biomass, CO2 production and hydrolysis of C and P organics. This is the first report on the combined effects of fire on the three biological domains in soils. We concluded that immediately after fire the biogeochemical cycling in Mediterranean shrublands becomes less conservative through the increased microbial biomass, activity and changes in the bacterial community structure.
Description14 páginas, 5 figuras, 4 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-011-9995-4
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/56889
DOI10.1007/s00248-011-9995-4
ISSN0095-3628
E-ISSN1432-184X
Appears in Collections:(CIDE) Artículos
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Show full item record
 

Related articles:


WARNING: Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.