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Rearrangement of carbon and nitrogen forms in peat after progressive thermal oxidation as determined by solid-state 13C-and 15N-NMR spectroscopy

AuthorsAlmendros Martín, Gonzalo ; Knicker, Heike ; González-Vila, Francisco Javier
Issue DateNov-2003
CitationOrganic Geochemistry 34(11): 1559-1568 (2003)
AbstractPeat samples subjected to thermal oxidation were studied by solid-state 13C- and 15N-NMR spectroscopy, so as to gain information on the thermal alteration of organic matter during processes such as natural fires or prescribed fires affecting soils. The 13C-NMR spectra show that heating (up to 180 s at 350 °C) increases the aromaticity of the original peat to values typical for black-carbon material, but these charred residues (at least after weight losses of ca. 25%) still contained heat-resistant alkyl carbon. The 15N-NMR spectrum of the original peat is dominated by a signal at −258 ppm, suggesting peptide-like material. In the heated samples a resonance line appearing at lower field indicates progressive formation of pyrrole- and indole-type compounds. Calculations based on weight loss, elemental composition and relative intensity distribution of the 13C- and 15N-NMR spectra demonstrate that the increasing concentrations of aromatic C-types and heterocyclic N-forms with progressive heating are not only caused by a relative enrichment concomitant with the selective thermal degradation of labile structures (mainly O-alkyl and amides) but correspond to newly-synthesised structures that were formed from aliphatic material.
Description10 páginas, 5 figuras, 4 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0146-6380(03)00152-9
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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