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Improvement of 13C and 15N CPMAS NMR spectra of bulk soils, particle size fractions and organic material by treatment with 10% hydrofluoric acid

AuthorsSchmidt, M. W. I.; Knicker, Heike ; Hatcher, Patrick G.; Kögel-Knabner, I.
Issue DateJun-1997
CitationEuropean Journal of Soil Science 48(2): 319-328 (1997)
AbstractThe small organic matter content of mineral soils makes it difficult to obtain 13C and 15N nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra with acceptable signal-to-noise ratios. Subjecting such samples to hydrofluoric acid removes mineral matter and leads to a relative increase in organic material. The effect of treatment with 10% hydrofluoric acid on bulk chemical composition and resolution of solid-state 13C NMR spectra was investigated with six soils, some associated particle size fractions, plant litter and compost. The treatment enhanced the signal-to-noise ratio of the solid-state 13C NMR spectra. The improvement in spectrum quality was greatest in the clay fraction of soil contaminated with coal ash. The removal of paramagnetic compounds associated with the ash may be the main reason for the improvement. Based on total C, total N, C/N ratio and intensity distribution of the solid-state 13C NMR spectra, no changes in organic matter composition could be detected, except for a possible loss of carbohydrates. After treatment with HF, solid-state 15N NMR spectra of particle size fractions were obtained and indicated that the observable nitrogen is present mostly as peptides and free amino groups. Extraction with hydrofluoric acid is recommended as a routine treatment prior to solid-state 13C and 15N NMR on soil containing little C or N and soil samples containing paramagnetic compounds from natural or anthropogenic sources.
Description10 pages, 4 figures, 6 tables, 22 references.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1997.tb00552.x
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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