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A haplotype containing the p53 polymorphisms Ins16bp and Arg72Pro modifies cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers

AuthorsOsorio, Ana; Martínez-Delgado, Beatriz; Velasco, Eladio
KeywordsModifier genes
Issue DateMar-2006
CitationHuman Mutation 27(3): 242-248 (2006)
AbstractGermline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes confer a high lifetime risk of developing breast and other cancers; however, remarkable differences exist regarding disease manifestation in mutation carriers. It has been suggested that other genetic and/or environmental factors modify not only the appearance but also the age of onset and type of tumor in BRCA1/2-associated cases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of two p53 polymorphisms (c.97-147ins16bp and c.215c>g, p.Arg72Pro) as potential modifiers. For this purpose we investigated the possible association between the two polymorphisms and disease status in 447 BRCA1/2 mutation carriers belonging to 170 Spanish breast and/or ovarian cancer families. Genotype and haplotype analyses revealed that the presence of a specific haplotype carrying the allele without the 16-bp insertion and the variant allele for the Arg72Pro (No Ins-72Pro haplotype) was associated with an earlier age of onset in BRCA2 mutation carriers. We found an increased risk of developing a first primary tumor (breast or ovarian) before 35 years of age for individuals who carried at least one No Ins-72Pro haplotype (OR: 2.69; 95% CI: 1.15–6.29; P=0.022). We confirmed these data by a functional study in which we compared different p53 genotypes in relation to their apoptotic response after cell treatment with a cytotoxic drug (AraC). Our results revealed a decrease in p53 apoptotic rate associated with the No Ins-72Pro haplotype.
Description7 páginas, 2 figuras, 3 tablas.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.20283
Appears in Collections:(IBGM) Artículos
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