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Copper speciation in estuarine waters by forward and reverse titrations

AuthorsSantos-Echeandía, Juan ; Laglera, Luis M. ; Prego, R. ; Berg, Constant M. G. van den
KeywordsCopper complexation
Cathodic stripping voltammetry
Metal speciation
Organic complexing ligands
Issue Date2008
CitationMarine Chemistry 108(3-4): 148-158 (2008)
AbstractThe chemical speciation of copper in the estuarine waters of the Vigo Ria was determined by titrations with salicylaldoxime (reverse copper titrations) and with copper (forward titrations). The forward titrations quantified the concentrations of ligands present in excess whereas the reverse titrations demonstrated the presence of low concentrations of very strong binding ligands, approximately matching the copper concentration. The data obtained by the reverse titrations indicated that copper was about 10× stronger bound than data based on the usual forward titrations. The copper concentration in these ria waters was low at 5 nM with a minor mid-estuarine maximum of 8 nM. These copper levels are amongst the lowest reported for estuarine waters and therefore represent uncontaminated waters. The concentration of inorganic copper was very low across the ria at ∼10–100 fM, except at Bouzas harbour (salinity 35.5) where it was raised to ∼1 pM due to copper contamination, in waters affected by the port facilities, to total levels of 15 to 20 nM copper, exceeding the concentration of the very strong ligand detected by the reverse titrations.
Description11 páginas, 3 figuras, 1 tabla
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2007.11.004
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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