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Survey of the authenticity of prawn and shrimp species in commercial food products by PCR-RFLP analysis of a 16S rRNA/tRNAVal mitochondrial region

AuthorsPascoal, Ananías; Barros-Velázquez, J. ; Cepeda, Alberto; Gallardo, José Manuel ; Calo-Mata, Pilar
KeywordsFood authenticity
Species identification
Decapoda crustaceans
Penaeid shrimps
Issue Date2008
CitationFood Chemistry 638-646 (2008)
AbstractA novel PCR-RFLP method was evaluated as a tool to assess the incidence of incorrect labelling of prawns and shrimps in commercial food products. The whole method can be performed in less than 8 h in only one day of work. PCR amplification with primers 16Scru4/16Scru3, targeted to the amplification of a ca. 530 bp region of 16S rRNA and tRNAVal mitochondrial genes, was coupled to restriction analysis with AluI, TaqI or HinfI. Forty-one commercial food products were considered. The molecular method considered allowed the identification of up to 17 different prawn and shrimp species in all the processed products considered. Seven (28%) of the 25 food products declaring one or more species in their labels were incorrectly labelled. Authentication was successfully assessed in commercial peeled products subjected to industrial processing, in which none of the products displayed labelling at species level. Overall, incorrect labelling was detected in 10 (24.4%) of the 41 commercial products tested, while another 16 samples (39%) exhibited incomplete labelling. The molecular method evaluated in this study proved to be a rapid and easy-to-perform two-step analytical approach to achieve species identification of commercial whole specimens of frozen prawns and shrimps and in peeled processed products where such raw materials are included as added-value ingredients.
Description9 páginas, 4 tablas, 2 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.079
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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