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Biocytin-derived MRI contrast agent for longitudinal brain connectivity studies

AuthorsMishra, Anurag K,.; Schüz, Almut; Engelmann, Jörn; Beyerlein, Michael; Logothetis, Nikos K,; Canals Gamoneda, Santiago
Imaging probe
Neuronal tract-tracing
Issue DateOct-2011
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationACS Chemical Neuroscience 2(10): 578-587 (2011)
AbstractTo investigate the connectivity of brain networks noninvasively and dynamically, we have developed a new strategy to functionalize neuronal tracers and designed a biocompatible probe that can be visualized in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Furthermore, the multimodal design used allows combined ex vivo studies with microscopic spatial resolution by conventional histochemical techniques. We present data on the functionalization of biocytin, a well-known neuronal tract tracer, and demonstrate the validity of the approach by showing brain networks of cortical connectivity in live rats under MRI, together with the corresponding microscopic details, such as fibers and neuronal morphology under light microscopy. We further demonstrate that the developed molecule is the first MRI-visible probe to preferentially trace retrograde connections. Our study offers a new platform for the development of multimodal molecular imaging tools of broad interest in neuroscience, that capture in vivo the dynamics of large scale neural networks together with their microscopic characteristics, thereby spanning several organizational levels.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cn200022m
Appears in Collections:(IN) Artículos
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